- Paraponera clavata
- Paraponera dieteri
CharacteristicsParaponera is characterized by the following derived traits (Bolton 2003):
- With bipartite antennal scrobes, dorsal portion above eye and ventral portion below it
- Abdominal segment III distinctly reduced compared to IV
- Petiole with a long anterior peduncle
- Hypopygium armed along lateral margin with a row of spines
Bolton, B. 1994. Identification Guide to the Ant Genera of the World. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Bolton, B. 1995. A New General Catalogue of the Ants of the World. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. 370 pp. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, Vol. 71. Gainesville, FL.
Brown, W. L., Jr. 1958. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. 2. Tribe Ectatommini. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College 118: 175-362.
Hölldobler, B. and E. O. Wilson. 1990. The Ants. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Kugler, C. 1991. Stings of ants of the tribe Ectatommini. Insecta Mundi 5: 153-166.
Lattke, J. E. 1994. Phylogenetic relationships and classification of ectatommine ants. Entomologica Scandinavica 25: 105-119.
Wheeler, G. C. & Wheeler, J. 1976. Ant larvae: review and synthesis. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Washington 74: 1-108.
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- First online 14 April 2004
Citing this page:
Tree of Life Web Project. 2004. Paraponera. Version 14 April 2004 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Paraponera/22218/2004.04.14 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/