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Classification after Bolton (2003).
Containing group: Formicidae


The Formicinae share the following characters with the Aneuretinae and Dolichoderinae (Bolton 2003): ... and have the following synapomorphies (Bolton 2003):


Agosti, D. 1991. Revision of the Oriental ant genus Cladomyrma, with an outline of the higher classification of the Formicinae. Systematic Entomology 16: 293-310.

Bolton, B. 1994. Identification Guide to the Ant Genera of the World. 222 pp. Cambridge, Mass.

Bolton, B. 1995. A New General Catalog of the Ants of the World. 504 pp. Cambridge, Mass.

Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. 370 pp. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, Vol. 71. Gainesville, FL.

Hölldobler, B. and E. O. Wilson. 1990. The Ants. 732 pp. Harvard University Press.

Shattuck, S. O. 1992. Higher classification of the ant subfamilies Aneuretinae, Dolichoderinae and Formicinae. Systematic Entomology 17: 199-206.

Wheeler, G. C. & Wheeler, J. 1976. Ant larvae: review and synthesis. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Washington 74: 1-108.

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Gigantiops destructor
Location Ecuador
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Identified By Alex Wild
Sex Female
Life Cycle Stage Worker
Copyright © 2011 Alex Wild
Scientific Name Polyergus breviceps
Location U.S.A. (California)
Comments A slave-raiding ant, with phoretic mite on head
Sex Female
Life Cycle Stage Worker
Copyright © 2003 Alex Wild
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Citing this page:

Tree of Life Web Project. 2004. Formicinae. Version 20 March 2004 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Formicinae/22203/2004.03.20 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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